Kaluga region, Spas-Demensky District. The memorial complex “Gnezdilovskaya height”.
In August 1943, the Siberians 22th and 65th Guards Rifle Division stormed the height 233.3 (Gnezdilovskaya height) near the station Pavlinovo, which cost the lives of 1,252 soldiers and officers.
Kaluga region, Spas-Demensky District. The memorial complex “Gnezdilovskaya height” is located in a forest, 3 kilometers from the village. Gnezdilova and 12 kilometers from. Pavlinova. Gnezdilovskaya height marked on the map 233.3 played a special role in the defense of the Germans. She dominated the surrounding terrain. With its altitude of 8-10 km viewed and leaning on her opponent held dvadtsatikilometrovaya line of defense, covering the approaches to the railway line. At this height were dug trenches a lot of lines in height, and between them in a staggered manner arranged cells for submachine and machine gunners. Trenches connected communication trenches and access to the rear in the direction of the railway station Pavlinova.
“Old Smolensk Road” Smolensky tract – historical road to Smolensk and Moscow regions, linked the Moscow Kremlin and the Smolensk fortress. On the site – Smolensk Kardymovo – Dorogobuzh – Vyazma the same as the P134 road, after Vyazma roads diverge, R-134 – to the north in the direction of Zubtsova, Old Smolensk – east towards Mozhaisk. Another remnant of the old Smolensk tract in the Moscow region is the highway A100 “Mozhayskoe”.
The 6th SS Mountain Division Nord was a German unit of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II, formed in February 1941 as SS Kampfgruppe Nord (SS Battle Group North). The division was later attached to the Finnish III Corps operating in the Kiestinki area. Throughout 1942 – 1943 he was on the front Kestenga.
Zholobovo village located in the south-eastern part of the Smolensk region. At 31 km north-east of Ugra, 11 km north of the R132 road Vyazma – Kaluga – Tula – Ryazan, on the banks of the river Shitovka. 26 km west of the village there is a railway station on Volosta-Pyatnica line Torzhok-Bryansk.